Snapshot Estimation Algorithms for GNSS Mass-Market Receivers

TitleSnapshot Estimation Algorithms for GNSS Mass-Market Receivers
Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsLinty N
UniversityPolitecnico di Torino
Thesis Typephd

This thesis resumes the PhD program carried out in the signal processing, satellite positioning and telecommunication fields, within the Navigation, Signal Analysis and Simulation (NavSAS) group, Department of Electronics and Telecommunications (DET) of Politecnico di Torino, in the period going from January 2012 to December 2014. The main topic of the PhD activity is represented by Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers core technologies. In particular, it deals with the design, development, test and performance assessment of innovative architectures, techniques, and algorithms for Global Positioning System (GPS) and Galileo receivers, both professional high performance and commercial mass-market. GPS, and in general GNSSs are radio-communication infrastructures, aimed to enable a generic user to compute Position, Velocity and Time (PVT). The signals transmitted by a constellation of satellites are processed by an electronic device, performing trilateration with respect to the satellites, taken as reference points. At least 4 satellites are required to be in Line of Sight (LOS) with the receiver, so as to obtain 4 different signals and to solve the 4 navigation unknowns: latitude, longitude, height and time. Since their first appearance, in the early seventies, GNSS chipsets and devices are gaining a fundamental role in most applications of everyday life, and their global market continues to grow rapidly. In 25 years, GNSS receivers became extremely used worldwide, not only for positioning and navigation purposes, but also for time synchronization, thus spanning an unlimited range of applications, from commercial to scientific, from military to recreational. GNSS mass-market receivers are extremely widespread, produced in very high volume{–}hundreds of millions just for smartphones and tablets{–}and sold at a limited price. This variety of applications and possibilities represents the main reason of the continuous growth of the GNSS field: in fact, new systems are emerging beside GPS, such as GLONASS, currently operational and in expansion, Galileo and Beidou. With the latest trends of multi-constellation receivers, the positioning accuracy can greatly improve, as well as its robustness, availability, reliability, but at the expense of a greater complexity and power consumption